The term CLIL was created in 1994 by David Marsh (Finland) and Anne Maljers (Holland), who described it as an educational focus in which one language which is not the native of the student is used to learn content and language in an integrated way.

It is not only a methodological approach for the teaching of a foreign language, but also an integrated way of teaching language and content. The experience and the research have demonstrated that the competence acquisition in both areas – linguistic and non-linguistic- is more effective when we use this methodological integrated approach than when it is done separately.

CLIL essence is integration and it has a triple focus: integration of language in non-linguistic content classes, use of content to learn the language and empowering of the learning cognitive abilities.


There are six skills CLIL teachers can develop. Good CLIL teachers:
  1. Activate prior knowledge
  2. Provide lesson input
  3. Guide understanding
  4. Encourage speaking
  5. Encourage writing
  6. Evaluate learning and give feedback